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(Local Training Governance Funds) - local organizations, representing local community and promoting the idea of ownership on education

Financing and governance of vocational education and training in Kyrgyzstan  — a core issue.

Although the central Government has realized the need for reforming the Vocational Education and Training System, it lacks strategies to approach the problems of financing and resolve the lacking relevance of training contents for the requirements of a market economy. The system as such and the vocational schools as providers of education are financially as well as institutionally struggling to fulfill their functions to provide the country with the required professional labor force. Very limited and non-timely financing as well as outdated curricula and deteriorating infrastructure result in a decreasing reputation of vocational education which again leads to decreasing student numbers. 

What is KOJO (Local Training Governance Fund)? 

Four functions of education

Education has according to the New Public Management theory four main economic functions:

  • Financier: defines policies and makes respective resources available. Typical financiers include Governments, participants through fees, other users through voluntary or compulsory contributions, donors or sponsors. The financing function is linked to quality control.
  • Owner: define what they want in relation to the price, e.g. training contents, delivery patterns, course duration. Typical owners include Government departments, employers, user groups, in development cooperation also projects.
  • Provider: deliver training to the users. Typical providers include vocational schools, on-the-job training venues or apprenticeship companies.
  • Users: appropriate the benefits of training. Apart from participants themselves also their livelihood coalitions and employers benefit from training.

In the Kyrgyz VET, formally the State is the financier, owner and provider of vocational education and training. However, the State increasingly struggles to fulfill all these functions up to the satisfaction of the users. A pure market model, within which all three functions are private, usually only works in urban areas and for trainings with low capital investment such as computer, business administration or language training. 


KOJO seeks to find a compromise between the state and market model by assigning ownership roles to local governance bodies and the financier role to a wide spectrum of financiers. In other words, Local Training Governance can also be described as a “local training fund”.

Learn more at www.kojo.kg

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